Object

Planned object

Title: Blue, white and red

Creator:

Callmer, Johan

Date issued/created:

2007

Resource Type:

Article

Subtitle:

Archaeologia Polona Vol. 45 (2007)

Publisher:

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology Polish Academy of Sciences

Place of publishing:

Warszawa

Description:

ill. ; 24 cm

Abstract:

The production of glass beads from imported glass in Northern Europe, like in other parts of Barbarian Europe, began some time in the Late Roman Period. The local production was on a low technical level and most polychrome beads were imported. Shortly after AD 700 and very suddenly an intensive production of Scandinavian beads, predominantly in blue, white and red glass, commenced. The production was based completely on imported glass in the form of scrap glass, tesserae and various millefiori rods. Several refined production techniques were mastered skilfully. Mastery of the cable technique (reticella) should be noted especially. The bead makers may have been immigrants from the West but to say exactly from where they came is presently impossible. The emergence of this production was probably connected with a relatively small but very creative and active group of artisans. Early on they had split into two groups: one in Eastern and one in South-western Scandinavia. Norway may have constituted a zone of its own. The producers were mobile, working not only at trading sites along the coasts, but also at some inland political centres. About AD 760 the production collapsed completely, possibly as a consequence of some disturbance along the glass supply network and a dramatic reduction in the number of producers. Later, bead production continued, but was based partly on other imported glass, and colours and patterns changed radically. The aesthetics were also different. Imported beads became increasingly numerous, indicating new and more efficient trade routes

References:

Alekseeva, E. M. 1975-1978. Antichnye busy Severnogo Prichernomorya. Arkheologiya SSSR. Svod arkheologicheskich istochnikov, G-12: 1-2. Moskva ; Alström, U. and W. Duczko. 1996. Norra Gärdet. Utgrävningar 1993-1994. In Arkeologi och miljögeologi i Gamla Uppsala, W. Duczko (ed.), 115-27. Uppsala ; Arrhenius, B. 1960. En vendeltida smyckeuppsättning. Fornvännen 55: 65-91 ; Arrhenius, B.. 1983.The chronology of the Vendel graves. In Vendel Period studies, J. Lamm and H.-Å-Nordström (eds), 39.70. Stockholm ; Arwidsson, G. 1942. Vendelstile, Email und Glas im 7.-8. Jahrhundert. Uppsala ; Bass, G. F. and F. Van Doorninck 1978. An 11th century shipwreck at Serce Liman, Turkey. International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 7: 119-32 ; Bencard, M. 1978. Wikingerzeitliches Handwerk in Ribe. Acta Archaeologica (Copenhagen) 49: 113-38 ; Bendixen, K. 1981. Sceattas and other coin finds. In Ribe excavations 1970-76, I, M. Bencard (ed.), 63-101. Esbjerg ; Callmer, J. 1977. Trade beads and bead trade in Scandinavia ca. 800-1000 A.D. Lund ; Callmer, J. 1984. Sceatta problems in the light of the Åhus finds. Kungliga Humanistiska vetenskapssamfundet i Lund. Scripta minora, (1983-84) 2. Lund ; Callmer, J. 2002. Fynd av glas och bergkristall från Bergagård, Slöinge sn, Halland. In Slöingeundersökningen 1992-1995, L. Lundqvist et al. (eds), 108-21. Göteborg ; Callmer, J. 2006. Die Perlenfunde Gotlands ca. 800-1100 in vergleichendem Licht. In Die Wikingerzeit Gotlands, L. Thunmark-Nylén, (ed.), III:2, 196-7. Stockholm ; Callmer, J. and J. Henderson 1991. Glassworking at Åhus, Southern Sweden. Laborativ arkeologi 5: 143-54 ; Callmer, J., M. Heck, P. Hoffmann and C. Theune 1997. Glasperlenproduktion im Frühmittelalter. Ethnographisch-Archäologische Zeitschrift 38: 225-34 ; Callmer, J. and R. Lehmpuhl [in progress]. Late Iron Age and Viking Age chronology of Northern Europe I. Correspondence analysis of Scandinavian feminine graves ca. A.D. 700-1000 ; Feveile, C. and S. Jensen 2000. Ribe in the 8th and 9th century - a contribution to the chronology of the early medieval period in North-western Europe. Acta Archaeologica (Copenhagen) 71: 9-24 ; Gam, T. 1990. Prehistoric glass technology. Experiments and analyses. Journal of Danish Archaeology 9: 203-13 ; Gustavs, S. 1993. Work debris and tools of a Germanic silver/bronze smith and glass worker from Klein Köris, southeast of Berlin. In Outils et ateliers d’orfèvres des temps anciens, C. Eluère (ed.), 197-205. Saint Germain-en-Laye ; Höilund Nielsen, K. 1987. Zur Chronologie der jüngeren germanischen Eisenzeit auf Bornholm. Untersuchungen zu Schmuckgarnituren. Acta Archaeologica (Copenhagen) 57: 47-86 ; Höilund Nielsen, K. 1991. Territoriale studier af dyrestil og kvindesmykker i yngre germansk jernalder i Sydog Östskandinavien. In Fra stamme til stat i Danmark, II, P. Mortensen and B.M. Rasmussen (eds), 127-54. Århus ; Jörgensen, L. 1990. Baekkegård and Glasergård. Two cemeteries of the Late Iron Age on Bornholm. Copenhagen ; Jörgensen, L. and A. Nörgård Jörgensen 1997. Nörre Sandegård Vest. A cemetery from the 6th and 8th centuries from Bornholm. Copenhagen ; Koch, U. 1974. Mediterrane und fränkische Glasperlen des 6. und 7. Jahrhunderts aus Finland In Studien zur Vor- und frühgeschichtlichen Archäologie. Festschrift für Joachim Werner zum 65. Geburtstag, G. Kossack and G. Ulbert (eds), 495-520. Münchener Beiträge zur Vor- und Frühgeschichte, Ergänzungsband 1/II,. München ; Koch, U. 1977. Das Reihengräberfeld von Schretzheim. Germanische Denkmäler der Völkerwanderungszeit, A: XIII. Berlin ; Lundström, A. 1976. Bead making in Scandinavia in the early Middle Ages. Antikvariskt arkiv 61: 9-24 ; Lundström, P. 1981. De kommo vida. Vikingars hamn vid Paviken på Gotland. Uddevalla ; Näsman, U. 1978. Die Herstellung von Glasperlen. In Wikingerzeitliches Handwerk in Ribe M. Bencard (ed.), Acta Archaeologica (Copenhagen) 49: 124-33 ; Olldag, I. 1994. Glasperler i danske fund fra romersk jernalder. Årböger for nordisk oldkyndighed og historie 1992: 194-280 ; Örsnes, M. 1966. Form og stil i Sydskandinaviens yngre germanske jernalder. Copenhagen ; Petré, B. 1984. Arkeologiska undersökningar på Lovö, 4. Stockholm ; Pöche, A. 2005. Perlen, Trichterbecher, Tesserae. Spuren des Glashandels und Glashandwerks auf dem frühgeschichtlichen Handelsplatz von Gross Strömkendorf, Landkreis Nordwestmecklenburg. Schwerin ; Ramskou, T. 1976. Lindholm Höje gravpladsen. Copenhagen ; Sasse, B. and C. Theune 1996. Perlen als Leittypen der Merowingerzeit. Germania 74: 187-231 ; Sode, T. 2004. Glass bead making technology. In Ribe excavations 1970-76, 5. M. Bencard and A. K. Rasmussen and H. B. Madsen (eds.), 83-102. Århus ; Stawiarska, T. 1985. Paciorki szklane z obszaru Polski północnej w okresie wpływów rzymskich. Wrocław ; Tempel, W.-D. 1969. Die Dreilagenkämme von Haithabu. Studien zu den Kämmen der Wikingerzeit im Nordseeküstengebiet und Skandinavien (Diss.). Göttingen ; Tempelmann-Mączyńska, M. 1985. Die Perlen der römischen Kaiserzeit und der frühen Phase der Völkerwanderungszeit im mitteleuropäischen Barbaricum. Mainz ; Thomsen, P. 1995. The question of bead making in the Late Roman Iron Age at Lundeborg, Denmark. In Glass beads. Cultural history, technology, experiment and analogy, M. Rasmussen and U. Lund Hansen and U. Näsman (eds) 19-23. Lejre ; Vedel, E. 1890. Bornholmske undersögelser med saerligt hensyn til den senere jernalder. Årböger for nordisk oldkyndighed og historie 1890: 1-104 ; Vinsrygg, S. 1979. Merovingertid i Nord-Noreg. Tromsö ; Weinberg, G. 1983. A Hellenistic glass factory on Rhodes: progress report. Journal of Glass Studiem 25: 37-46

Relation:

Archaeologia Polona

Volume:

45

Start page:

85

End page:

97

Format:

application/octet-stream

Resource Identifier:

0066-5924

Source:

IAiE PAN, call no. P 357 ; IAiE PAN, call no. P 358 ; IAiE PAN, call no. P 356 ; click here to follow the link

Language:

eng

Terms of use:

Copyright-protected material. May be used within the limits of statutory user freedoms

Digitizing institution:

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Library of the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Edition name Date

This page uses 'cookies'. More information