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There is a fairly abundant acarofauna associated with bumble-bees. The mites are found both on the bumble-bees and in their nests. The relationship between the mites and the hosts is sometimes very complex and variable, depending on the species, and even on the developmental stage of the mite. The ecological relation between the mites and the bumble-bees are most often of the type of phoresy, parasitism, or commensalism combined with detrimental effects. Most often found on the bumble-bees and in their nests are the following 3 species: Parasitus fucorum (De Geer), Kuzinia laevis (Dujardin), and Scutacarus acarorum (Goeze).
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Operational Program Digital Poland, 2014-2020, Measure 2.3: Digital accessibility and usefulness of public sector information; funds from the European Regional Development Fund and national co-financing from the state budget.