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The phytosociological and microclimatic distinctness of the wet alder wood and meadow ecotone from these habitats is shown as well as the different structure and seasonal dynamics of mosquito and spider communities of the transitory zone. Ecotone mosquito and spider species, which are as a rule the eurytopes, are distinguished. The ecotone is defined as the zone of intensive penetration of mosquitos – potential prey of spiders – where as compared with the forest and meadow their possibilities to be caught by the predator are greater. The ecotone is also the refuge zone for the invertebrate species in danger of intra- and interspecies competition. Ecological compensation has been observed between two spider species inhabiting a similar ecological niche. This subject was dealt with according to classical literature.
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Projects co-financed by:
Operational Program Digital Poland, 2014-2020, Measure 2.3: Digital accessibility and usefulness of public sector information; funds from the European Regional Development Fund and national co-financing from the state budget.