Object

Title: Magnetic prospection in the service of uncovering the Hellenistic and Roman port of Berenike on the Red Sea in Egypt

Creator:

Zych, Iwona ; Herbich,Tomasz

Date issued/created:

2015

Resource Type:

Article

Subtitle:

Archaeologia Polona Vol. 53 (2015)

Publisher:

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology Polish Academy of Sciences

Place of publishing:

Warszawa

Description:

ill. ; 24 cm

Abstract:

Magnetic prospection was chosen as a non-invasive survey method for covering the expanse of the Hellenistic and Roman city and port of Berenike on the Red Sea in Egypt. A test run in 1999 confirmed the potential of the method in the specific conditions of the site and its geology; since 2008 the Polish–American project excavating the site has completed a full-site prospection, revealing surprising data for consideration in the interpretation of site topography and individual architectural remains. The article gives background on the topography of the site and explores three areas of the site: the western district, the southwestern bay and the urban mound in the east, where the results of magnetic prospection have been particularly telling and where, combined with archaeological feedback, they have contributed to a new understanding of the ancient remains. The discussion also poses ideas concerning the interpretation of site topography overall and follows up with prospects for the surveyors in the coming seasons

References:

Aldsworth, F.G., Sidebotham, S.E. and Wendrich, W.Z. 1995. The town site: survey, plan and description. In S.E. Sidebotham and W.Z. Wendrich (eds), 1995. Berenike 1994. Preliminary Report of the 1994 Excavations at Berenike (Egyptian Red Sea Coast) and the Survey of the Eastern Desert, Leiden, 13–20 ; Belzoni, G.B. 1822. Narrative of Operations and Recent Discoveries within the Pyramids, Temples, Tombs and Excavations in Egypt and Nubia II, London ; Gaffney, Ch. and Gater, J. 2003. Revealing the buried past. Geophysics for archaeologists, Stroud ; Harrell, J.A. 1996. Geology. In S.E. Sidebotham and W.Z. Wendrich (eds), Berenike 1995. Preliminary Report of the Excavations at Berenike (Egyptian Red Sea Coast) and the Survey of the Eastern Desert, Leiden, 99–126 ; Herbich, T. 2003. Archaeological geophysics in Egypt: the Polish contribution, Archaeologia Polona 41, 13–56 ; Herbich, T. 2007. Magnetic survey. In S.E. Sidebotham, W.Z. Wendrich (eds), Berenike 1999/2000. Report of the Excavations at Berenike including Excavations in Wadi Kalalat and Siket, and the Survey of the Mons Smaragdus Region, Los Angeles, 22–29 ; Herbich, T. 2011. Magnetic survey (2008 and 2009). In S.E. Sidebotham and I. Zych (eds), Berenike 2008–2009. Report on the Excavations at Berenike, Including a Survey in the Eastern Desert [=PCMA Excavation Series 1], Warsaw, 11–18 ; Rądkowska, J., Woźniak, M. 2011. Locating the Emporium of Berenike: Evidence of geology, geophysical prospection and satellite mapping. In Sidebotham, S.E. and Zych, I. (eds). 2011. Berenike 2008–2009. Report on the Excavations in Berenike. Including a Survey in the Eastern Desert [=PCMA Excavation Series 1], Warsaw, 19–24 ; Rądkowska, J., Sidebotham, S.E. and Zych, I. 2013. The Late Roman harbour temple of Berenike. Results of the 2010 season of excavations, Polish Archaeology in the Mediterranean 22 (Research 2010), 209–228 ; Sidebotham, S.E. 1999. Berenike. In K.A. Bard (ed.), Encyclopedia of the Archaeology of Ancient Egypt, London, New York, 170– 172 ; Sidebotham, S.E. 2011. Berenike and the Ancient Maritime Spice Route, Berkeley–Los Angeles–London ; Sidebotham, S.E., Hense, M. and Nouwens, H.M. 2008. The Red Land. The Illustrated Archaeology of Egypt’s Eastern Desert, Cairo–New York ; Sidebotham, S.E. and Wendrich, W.Z. 2002. Berenike: Archaeological Fieldwork at a Ptolemaic–Roman port on the Red Sea coast of Egypt 1999–2001, Sahara 13, 23–50 ; Sidebotham, S.E. and Wendrich, W.Z. 2007. Survey of Berenike. In Sidebotham, S.E. and W.Z. Wendrich (eds). Berenike 1999/2000. Report of the Excavations at Berenike including Excavations in Wadi Kalalt and Siket, and the Survey of the Mons Smaragdus Region, Los Angeles, 4–21 ; Sidebotham, S.E. and Zych, I. (eds). Forthcoming a. Berenike 201o–2011. Report on the Excavations at Berenike, Including a Survey in the Eastern Desert and Reports on Earlier Work [=PCMA Excavation Series 4], Warsaw ; Sidebotham, S.E., Zych, I.2012. Berenike: Archaeological fieldwork at a Ptolemaic–Roman port on the Red Sea coast of Egypt 2011–2012, Sahara 23, 29–48 ; Sidebotham, S.E., Zych, I. 2011. Excavations. In Sidebotham, S.E. and I. Zych (eds). 2011. Berenike 2008–2009. Report on the Excavations at Berenike, Including a Survey in the Eastern Desert [=PCMA Excavation Series 1], Warsaw, 25–57

Relation:

Archaeologia Polona

Volume:

53

Start page:

95

End page:

118

Format:

application/octet-stream

Resource Identifier:

oai:rcin.org.pl:85944 ; 0066-5924

Source:

IAiE PAN, call no. P 357 ; IAiE PAN, call no. P 358 ; IAiE PAN, call no. P 356 ; click here to follow the link

Language:

eng

Rights:

Creative Commons Attribution BY-SA 3.0 PL license

Terms of use:

Copyright-protected material. [CC BY-SA 3.0 PL] May be used within the scope specified in Creative Commons Attribution BY-SA 3.0 PL license, full text available at: ; -

Digitizing institution:

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Library of the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Projects co-financed by:

Operational Program Digital Poland, 2014-2020, Measure 2.3: Digital accessibility and usefulness of public sector information; funds from the European Regional Development Fund and national co-financing from the state budget.

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