Object structure

Title:

Characterizing “Chocolate” Flint Using Reflectance Spectroscopy

Subtitle:

Archaeologia Polona Vol. 56 (2018)

Creator:

Parish, Ryan M. ; Werra, Dagmara H.

Publisher:

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology Polish Academy of Sciences

Place of publishing:

Warszawa

Date issued/created:

2018

Description:

ill., 24 cm

Subject and Keywords:

reflectance spectroscopy ; “chocolate” flint ; source in Poland ; Visible Near-infrared (VNIR) ; Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR)

Abstract:

The study details a pilot experiment in which samples of “chocolate’”flint from four procurement sites in Poland and chert from the United States were characterized spectrally and distinguished using reflectance spectroscopy and multivariate statistics. The characterization of ‘chocolate’ flint and the successful differentiation of sources has been, and continues to be, a major research focus for understanding prehistoric consumption, use, and distribution of this favored lithic resource. Reflectance spectroscopy potentially provides an analytical methodology for identifying artefact source by successfully distinguishing spatially and compositionally unique deposits. Initial results from the study show that “chocolate” flint can be distinguished from other silicite tool stone resources, regional lookalike materials, and by individual deposit. Future studies will test a more robust sample size of ‘chocolate’ flints and conduct experiments on surface weathering

References:

Brandl, M., Hauzenberger, C., Martinez, M.M., Filzmoser, P. and Werra, D.H. 2016. The Application of the Multi- Layered Chert Sourcing Approach (MLA) for the Characterisation and Differentiation of ‘Chocolate Silicites’ from the Holy Cross Mountains, South-Central Poland, Archaeologia Austriaca 100, 119–149 ; Budziszewski, J. and Michniak, R. 1995. Siliceous rocks of the North-Eastern Mesozoic margin of the Holy Cross Mountains. In J. Budziszewski and R. Michniak (eds), Guide-Book of Excursion 2 Northern Footslopes of Holy Cross Mountains, Warsaw, State Committee for Scientific Research and Polish Academy of Sciences ; Clark, R.N. 1999. Chapter 1: Spectroscopy of Rocks and Minerals, and Principles of Spectroscopy. In Manual of Remote Sensing, Volume 3, Remote Sensing for the Earth Sciences, New York, Wiley & Sons, Inc. ; Grafka, O., Werra, D.H. and Siuda, R. 2015. Analysis of Organic Compounds: Applications in Archaeology and Earth Science, Litikum 3, 26–37 ; Hawkins, A.L., Tourigny, E., Long, D.G.F., Julig, P.J. and Bursey, J. 2008. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy of Geological and Archaeological Chert from Southern Ontario, North American Archaeologist 29, 203–224 ; Hollas, J. M. 2002. Basic Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy, New York, John Wiley & Sons Inc. ; Hughes, R. E., Werra, D.H. and Siuda, R. 2016. On the chemcical composition of ‘chocolate flint’ from central Poland, Archaeologia Polona 54, 99–114 ; Marcher, Mevin V. 1962. Petrography of Mississippian Limestones and Cherts from the Northwestern Highland Rim, Tennessee, Journal of Sedimentary Petrology 32, 819–832 ; Morin, J. 2012. The Political Economy of stone Celt Exchange in Pre-contact British Columbia: The Salish Nephrite/Jade Industry, Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Anthropology, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver ; Parish, R.M., Swihart, G. S. and Li, Y. S. 2013. Evaluating Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy as a Non-Destructive Chert Sourcing Technique, Geoarchaeology: An International Journal 28 (3), 289–307 ; Parish, R.M. 2016a. Reflectance Spectroscopy as a Chert Sourcing Method, Archaeologia Polona 54, 115–128 ; Parish, R.M. 2016b. Lithic Procurement Patterning as a Proxy for Identifying Late Paleoindian Group Mobility Along the Lower Tennessee River Valley, Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports (2016), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2016.03.028 ; Parish, R.M. and Butler, B. 2017. The Use of Dover-like Tool Stone by Pre-Mississippian Occupations in the Black Bottom of Southern Illinois, Illinois Archaeology 27, 118–137 ; Přichystal, A. 2010. Classificiation of Lithic Raw Materials Used for Prehistoirc Chipped Artefacts in General and Siliceous Sediments (Silicites) in Particular: The Czech Proposal, Archeometriai Műhely 3, 177–181 ; Přichystal, A. 2013. Lithic raw materials in prehistoric times of eastern Central Europe, Brno ; Krukowski, S. 1920. Pierwociny krzemieniarskie górnictwa, transportu i handlu w holocenie Polski, cz. 1, Wiadomości Archeologiczne 5, 185–206 ; Schild, R. 1971. Lokalizacja prahistorycznych punktów eksploatacji krzemienia czekoladowego na północno-wschodnim obrzeźeniu Gór Świętokrzyskich [sum.: Location of the so-called chocolate flint extraction sites on the north-eastern footslopes of the Holy Cross Mountains], Folia Quaternaria 39, 1–61 ; Schild, R. ed. 2005. The killing fields of Zwoleń: a Middle Paleolithic kill-butchery-site in Central Poland, Warsaw, Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences ; Schild, R., Królik, H. and Marczak, M. 1985. Kopalnia krzemienia czekoladowego w Tomaszowie [sum: A chocolate flint mine at Tomaszów], Wrocław ; Smith, B.C. 2011. Fundamentals of Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, New York, CRC Press ; Speer, Ch.A. 2013. Clovis mobility at the Gault Site: A chert provenance study using Laster Ablation-Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass spectroscopy (LA-ICP-MS), Unpublished PhD thesis, Department of Anthropology, The University of Texas, San Antonio ; Speer, Ch.A. 2014. LA-ICP-MS analysis of Clovis period projectile points from the Gault Site, Journal of Archaeological Science 52, 1–11 ; Werra, D.H., Siuda, R. and Małecka-Kukawka, J. 2018. A Danubian raw material exchange network: a case study from Chełmno Land (Poland). In D.H. Werra and M. Woźny (eds), Between history and archaeology. Papers in honour of Jacek Lech, Oxford, Archaeopress Archaeology, 211–224

Relation:

Archaeologia Polona

Volume:

56

Start page:

89

End page:

101

Resource Type:

Article

Format:

application/pdf

Resource Identifier:

0066-5924 ; doi:10.23858/APa56.2018.007

Source:

IAiE PAN, call no. P 357 ; IAiE PAN, call no. P 358 ; IAiE PAN, call no. P 356 ; click here to follow the link

Language:

eng

Rights:

Creative Commons Attribution BY-SA 3.0 PL license

Terms of use:

Copyright-protected material. [CC BY-SA 3.0 PL] May be used within the scope specified in Creative Commons Attribution BY-SA 3.0 PL license, full text available at: ; -

Digitizing institution:

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Library of the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences