Object

Title: New Perspectives on the Problems of the Exploitation Area and the Prehistoric Use of the Buda Hornstone in Hungary

Subtitle:

Archaeologia Polona Vol. 56 (2018)

Publisher:

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology Polish Academy of Sciences

Place of publishing:

Warszawa

Description:

ill., 24 cm

Abstract:

The mountainous areas of the Carpathian basin have provided a wide spectrum of siliceous rocks for prehistoric people. Although the presence of outcrops of a kind of chert, named Buda hornstone was already known by geological and petrographic investigations, the developing Hungarian petroarchaeological research did not pay much attention to this raw material. Its archaeological perspectives have been opened by a discovery made at the Denevér street in western part of Budapest in the 1980s. During the excavations of the flint mine, not much was known about the distribution of this raw material in the archaeological record. Since then the growing amount of archaeological evidences showed that its first significant occurrence in assemblages can be dated to the Late Copper Age Baden culture, and it became more abundant through the Early Bronze age Bell-Beaker culture until the Middle Bronze Age tell cultures. Until now, 15 outcrops of the Buda hornstone have been localised on the surface. Based on thin section examinations taken from two different outcrops, we have made a clear distinction between three variants. In the last few years, archaeological supervision has been conducted during house constructions, suggesting the Buda hornstone occurrence takes the form of a secondary autochthonous type of source. In the framework of our research program, a systematic check of the raw materials is planned in the lithic assemblages of the nearby prehistoric sites, as well as to look for extraction pits or other mining features with the application of geophysical methods and a thorough analysis of the surface morphology

References:

Bácskay, E. 1990. New investigations into the processing and distribution of flint from the Sümeg-Mogyorósdomb flint mine in Hungary. In M.-R. Séronie-Vivien and M. Lenoir (eds), Le silex de sa genèse à l’outil. Actes du Ve Colloque international sur le Silex, Bordeaux, 17 sept.-2 oct. 1987, Cahiers du Quaternaire 17, Paris, 239-249
Bácskay, E. 1995a. H2. Sümeg-Mogyorósdomb, Veszprém country, Archaeologia Polona 33, 383–395
Bácskay, E. 1995b. H5. Erdöbénye-Sáspatak, Borsod country, Archaeologia Polona 33, 395–400
Bácskay, E. 1995c. H9. Hárskút-Édesvízmajor, Veszprém country, Archaeologia Polona 33, 408–409
Balogh, É.Cs. 2009. The lithic finds from Budakalász. In M. Bondár and P. Raczky (eds), The Copper age cemetery of Budakalász, Budapest, 379–407
Bartucz, L., Dancza, J., Hollendonner, F., Kadić, O., Mottl, M., Pataki, V., Pálosi, E., Szabó, J. and Vendl, A. 1940. Die Mussolini-Höhle (Subalyuk) bei Cserépfalu, Budapest, GeologicaHungarica, Series Palaeontologica 14
Biró, K.T. (ed.) 1986. Papers for the 1st International Conference on Prehistoric Flint Mining and Lithic Raw Material Identification in the Carpathian Basin, Budapest–Sümeg 1986, vol. 1, Budapest
Biró, K.T. (ed.) 1987. Papers for the 1st International Conference on Prehistoric Flint Mining and Lithic Raw Material Identification in the Carpathian Basin, Budapest–Sümeg 1986, vol. 2, Budapest
Biró, K.T. 1988. Distribution of lithic raw materials on Prehistoric sites: an interim report, Acta Archaeologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 40, 251–274
Biró, K.T. 1991. Bell-Beaker culture lithic implements from Hungary, Acta Archaeologica Carpathica 30, 87–96
Biró, K.T. 1995. H8. Szentgál-Tűzköveshegy, Veszprém country, Archaeologia Polona 33, 402–408
Biró, K.T. 1998a. Lithic implements and the circulation of raw materials in the Great Hungarian Plain during the Late Neolithic Period, Budapest
Biró, K.T. 1998b. Limits and connections. In M. Németh (ed.), The Roman town in the modern city, Proceedings of the International Colloquium held on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the Aquincum Museum 1994 Budapest, Aquincum Nostrum 2, Budapest, 152–157
Biró, K.T. 2002. New data on the utilization of Buda hornstone in the Early Bronze Age, Budapest Régiségei 36, 131–143
Biró, K.T. 2008. Kőeszköz-nyersanyagok Magyarország területén, A Miskolci Egyetem Közleménye A sorozat, Bányászat 74, 11–37
Biró, K.T. and Dobosi, V.T. 1991. Lithotheca – Comparative Raw Material Collection of the Hungarian National Museum, Budapest
Biró, K.T. and Regenye, J. 1991. Prehistoric Workshop at Szentgál-Tűzköves, Acta Archaeologia Hungaricae 18, 337–375
Biró, K.T., Dobosi, V.T. and Schléder, Zs. 2000. Lithotheca II – The Comparative Raw Material Collection of the Hungarian National Museum, Vol. II, Budapest
Biró, K.T., Szilágyi V. and Kasztovszky, Zs. 2009. Új adatok a Kárpát-medence régészeti radiolarit forrásainak ismeretéhez, Archeometriai Műhely 6 (3), 25–44
Biró, K.T., Regenye, J., Puszta, S. and Thamóné Bozsó, E. 2010. Preliminary report on the excavations of the Nagytevel flint mine, Archaeologiai Értesítő 135 (1), 5–25
Budai, T. and Gyalog, L. (eds) 2009. Geological map of Hungary for tourists – 1:200 000, Budapest
Crandell, O. 2014. Knappable lithic resources of North-Western Romania: A mineralogical study, Journal of Lithic Studies 1 (1), 73–84
Csongrádiné Balogh, É. 1992. Szigetszentmiklós-Üdülősor kora bronzkori telepének kőeszköz vizsgálata. In P. Havassy and L. Selmeczi (eds), Régészeti kutatások az M0 autópálya nyomvonalán I., BTM Műhely 5, Budapest, 201–211
Csongrádiné Balogh, É. 1998. Tipológiai és traszeológiai vizsgálatok rézkori és bronzkori pattintott kőeszközökön, Folia Archaeologica 47, 13–41
Csongrádiné Balogh, É. 2001. Adatok a rézkori, bronzkori pattintott kőeszközök tipológiai értékeléséhez (Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok megye), Tisicum 12, 91–106
Dienes, I. 1968. Examen pétrographique de l’industrie. In V. Gábori-Csánk, La station du Paléolithique moyen d’Érd – Hongrie, Monumenta historica Budapestinensia 3, Budapest, 111–114
Dobosi, V.T. 1978. A pattintott kőeszközök nyersanyagáról (Über das Rohmaterial der retuschierten Steingeräte), Folia Archaeologica 29, 7–19
Fernandes, P., Raynal, J.-P. and Moncel, M.-H. 2008, Middle Palaeolithic raw material gathering territories and human mobility in the southern Massif Central, France: first results from a petro-archaeological study on flint, Journal of Archaeological Science 35, 2357–2370
Földvary, G.Z. 1988. Geology of the Carpathian Region, Singapore–Teaneck
Fülöp, J. 1973. Funde des prähistorischen Silexgrubenbaues am Kálvária-Hügel von Tata, Acta Archaeologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 25, 3–25
Fülöp, J. 1984. Az ásványi nyersanyagok története Magyarországon, Budapest
Gábori-Csánk, V. 1968. La station du Paléolithique moyen d’Érd – Hongrie, Budapest, Monumenta historica Budapestinensia 3
Gábori-Csánk, V. 1988. Une mine de silex paléolithique à Budapest, Hongrie. In H.L. Dibble and A. Montet-White (eds), Upper Pleistocene prehistory of Western Eurasia, University Museum Monograph 54, Philadelphia, 141–143
Gábori Csánk, V. 1989. Európa legrégibb bányászati emléke Farkasréten, Magyar Tudomány 34 (1), 13–21
Gábori-Csánk, V. and Gábori, M. 1995. Őskori kovafejtő Budapest-Farkasréten, Budapest, unpublished manuscript
Gyalog, L., Maros, Gy. and Pelikán, P. (eds) 2017. Budapest geokalauza, Budapest Geoguide, Budapest
Harangi, Sz. 2001. Neogene to Quaternary Volcanism of the Carpathian-Pannonian Region – a review, Acta Geologica Hungarica 44, 233–258
Harangi, S. and Lenkey, L. 2007. Genesis of the Neogene to Quaternary volcanism in the Carpathian-Pannonian region: Role of subduction, extension, and mantle plume. In L. Beccaluva, G. Bianchini and M. Wilson (eds), Cenozoic Volcanism in the Mediterranean Area, Boulder, Geological Society of America Special Paper 418, 67–92
Hillebrand, J. 1929. Neuere Ausgrabungen auf dem Avasberg bei Miskolcz in Ungarn, Eiszeit und Urgeschichte 6, 136–141
Horváth, T. 2005. Stone finds from excavation seasons 1998, 1999, 2000 and 2001. Techno-typological analysis. In I. Poroszlai and M. Vicze (eds.), Százhalombatta Archaeological Expedition SAX Annual Report 2, Százhalombatta, 135–155
Horváth, T. 2009. Pattintással készült eszközök kronológiai szerepe a kora- és középső bronzkor folyamán, Tisicum 19, 413–440
Horváth, T. 2017. The stone implements and wrist-guards of the Bell Beaker cemetery of Budakalász (M0/12), Vjesnik Arheoloskog Muzeja u Zagrebu 50, 71–118
Horváth, T., Kozák, M. and Pető, A. 2000a. Újabb adatok a középső bronzkor kőiparához: Bölcske-Vörösgyír bronzkori tell-település kőanyagának komplex (petrográfiai, régészeti) feldolgozása, Komárom-Esztergom Megyei Önkormányzat Múzeumainak Közleményei 7, 187–235
Horváth, T., Kozák, M. and Pető, A. 2000b. Complex analysis of stone industry on the Százhalombatta-Földvár (Early and Middle Bronze Age). In I. Poroszlai and M. Vicze (eds), Százhalombatta Archaeological Expedition SAX Annual Report 1, Százhalombatta, 103–119
Juhász, Á. 1987. Évmilliók emlékei. Magyarország földtörténete és ásványkincsei. 2nd edition, Budapest
Kadić, O. 1916. Ergebnisse der Erforschung der Szeletahöhle.,Mitteilungen aus dem Jahrbuche der königlichen Ungarischen Geologischen Reichsanstalt 23, 161–301
Kaminská, Ľ. 2001. Die Nutzung von Steinrohmaterialien im Paläolithikum der Slowakei, Quartär 51/52, 81–106
Kaminská, Ľ. 2013. Sources of raw materials and their use in the Palaeolithic of Slovakia. In Zs. Mester (ed.), The lithic raw material sources and interregional human contacts in the Northern Carpathian regions, Kraków–Budapest, 99–109
Karádi, V., Pelikán, P. and Haas, J. 2016. A Budai-hegység felső-triász medence kifejlődésű dolomitjainak conodonta biosztratigráfiája, Földtani Közlöny 146 (4), 371–386
Karátson, G. 2006. Aspects of Quaternary relief evolution of Miocene volcanic areas in Hungary: A review, Acta Geologica Hungarica 49, 285–309
Károly, E. 1936. Szarukövek a Budai hegységben (Notes sur les cherts de dolomites et calcaires se trouvant dans les montagnes de Buda), Földtani Közlöny 66 (10–12), 254–277
Kasztovszky, Zs. and Biró, K.T. 2006. Fingerprinting Carpathian obsidians by PGAA: first results on geological and archaeological specimens. In 34th International Symposium on Archaeometry, 3-7 May 2004 Zaragoza, Spain, Zaragoza, 301–308
Markó, A., Biró, K.T. and Kasztovszky, Zs. 2003. Szeletian felsitic porphyry: non-destructive analysis of a classical Palaeolithic raw material, Acta Archaeologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 54, 297–314
Mester, Zs. 2004. La production lithique à la station d’Érd (Hongrie). In É. Fülöp and J. Cseh (eds), Die aktuellen Fragen des Mittelpaläolithikums in Mitteleuropa – Topical issues of the research of Middle Palaeolithic period in Central Europe, Tata, Tudományos Füzetek 12, 233–250
Mester, Zs., Faragó, N. and Lengyel, Gy. 2012. The lithic raw material sources and interregional human contacts in the northern Carpathian regions: A research program, Anthropologie 50 (3), 275–293
Mészáros, Gy. and Vértes, L. 1955. A paint mine from the Early Upper Palaeolithic age near Lovas (Hungary, County Veszprém), Acta Archaeologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 5, 1–32
Oddone, M., Márton, P., Bigazzi, G. and Biró, K.T. 1999. Chemical characterisations of Carpathian obsidian sources by instrumental and epithermal neutron activation analysis, Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry 240 (1), 147–153
Pattantyús-Á., M. 1986. Geophysical results in archaeology in Hungary, Geophysics 51 (3), 561–567
Pattantyús-Á., M. and Simon, A. 1986. Prospecting of prehistoric flint-quarries by geoelectric method. In K.T. Biró (ed.), Papers for the 1st International Conference on Prehistoric Flint Mining and Lithic Raw Material Identification in the Carpathian Basin, Budapest–Sümeg 1986, vol. 1, Budapest, 123–129
Pető, A., Kozák, M., Horvát, T. and Kovács-Pálffy, P. 2002. Examination of the stone implements of a Bronze Age earthwork in Hungary. In E. Jerem and K.T. Biró (eds), Archaeometry 98, Proceedings of the 31st Symposium, Budapest, April 26-May 3 1998. Vol. II, 783–791, Oxford, British Archaeological Reports, International Series 1043 (II), Archaeolingua Central European Series 1
Plašienka, D., Grecula, P., Putiš, M., Kováč, M. and Hovorka, D. 1997. Evolution and structure of the Western Carpathians: an overview. In P. Grecula, D. Hovorka and M. Putiš (eds), Geological evolution of the Western Carpathians, Bratislava, Mineralia Slovaca – Monograph, 1–24
Rácz, B. 2013. Main raw materials of the Palaeolithic in Transcarpathian Ukraine: geological and petographical overview. In Zs. Mester (ed.), The lithic raw material sources and interregional human contacts in the Northern Carpathian regions, Kraków–Budapest, 131–146
Ringer, Á. 2003. Őskőkori kovabányászat és kovakő-feldolgozás a miskolci Avason (Des mines et des ateliers de silex préhistoriques sur le mont Avas à Miskolc), Herman Ottó Múzeum Évkönyve 42, 5–15
Simán, K. 1986. Limnic quartzite mines in Northeast-Hungary. In K.T. Biró (ed.), Papers for the 1st International Conference on Prehistoric Flint Mining and Lithic Raw Material Identification in the Carpathian Basin, Budapest–Sümeg 1986, vol. 1, Budapest, 95–99
Simán, K. 1989. Northern flint in the Hungarian Palaeolithic. In J.K. Kozlowski (ed.), „Northern” (Erratic and Jurassic) flint of South Polish origin in the Upper Palaeolithic of Central Europe, Kraków, 87–94
Simán, K. 1991. Patterns of raw material use in the Middle Paleolithic of Hungary. In A. Montet-White and S. Holen (eds), Raw material economies among Prehistoric hunter-gatherers, Lawrence, Publications in Anthropology 19, 49–57
Simán, K. 1995a. H4. The Korlát-Ravaszlyuktető workshop site in North-Eastern Hungary, Archaeologia Polona 33, 41–58
Simán, K. 1995b. H1. Prehistoric mine on the Avas Hill at Miskolc, Archaeologia Polona 33, 371–382
Szabó, J. 1877. L’obsidienne préhistorique en Hongrie et en Grèce. In F.-F. Rómer (ed.), Congrès International d’Anthropologie et d’Archéologie Préhistoriques, Compte-rendu de la huitième session à Budapest 1876, Premier volume, Budapest, 96–100
Szolyák, P. 2011. Elsődleges nyersanyag-feldolgozás nyomai a szeletai kvarcporfír lelőhelyén (Bükkszentlászló), Herman Ottó Múzeum Évkönyve 50, 47–66
Tóth, Z.H., 2011. Újabb adalék a szeletai üveges kvarcporfír előforduláshoz: Bükkszentlászló, Hideg-víz, Gesta (Miskolc) 10, 147–149
Tóth, Z.H. 2016. Paleolithic heat treating in Northeastern Hungary? An archaeometric examination of the possible use of fire-setting in Stone Age quarries in the Bükk area, Archaeologia Polona 54, 129–136
Turq, A. 2005. Réflexions méthodologiques sur les études de matières premières lithiques, Paléo 17, 111–132
Vadász, E. 1960. Magyarország földtana, Budapest
Vértes, L. 1960. Aus Polen stammendes Silexmaterial im ungarischen Paläolithikum und Mesolithikum. Ein Beitragzur Archäologie der Karpathen, Acta Archaeologica Carpathica 1, 67–172
Vértes, L. (ed.) 1964a. Tata. Eine mittelpaläolithische Travertin-Siedlung in Ungarn, Budapest, Archaeologia Hungarica 43
Vértes, L. 1964b. Eine prähistorische Silexgrube am Mogyorós-domb bei Sümeg, Acta Archaeologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 16, 187–215
Vértes, L. 1965. Az őskőkor és az átmeneti kőkor emlékei Magyarországon, Budapest, A Magyar Régészet Kézikönyve 1
Vértes, L. and Tóth, L. 1963. Der Gebrauch des glasigen Quarzporphyrs im Paläolithikum des Bükk-Gebirges, Acta Archaeologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 15, 3–10
Vörös, I. 1998–1999. Antlers from the Prehistoric flint mine at Denevér street (Budapest – Farkasrét), Folia Archaeologica 47, 69–102
Vörös, I. 2000. Antler remains from the Prehistoric flint mine of Denevér street (Farkasrét, Budapest). In Zs. Mester and Á. Ringer (eds), A la recherche de l’Homme Préhistorique. Volume commémoratif de Miklós Gábori et de Veronika Gábori-Csánk, 2000, Liège, E.R.A.U.L. 95, 117–121
Wein, Gy. 1977. A Budai hegység tektonikája, Budapest

Relation:

Archaeologia Polona

Volume:

56

Start page:

167

End page:

189

Format:

application/pdf

Resource Identifier:

oai:rcin.org.pl:73282 ; 0066-5924 ; doi:10.23858/APa56.2018.011

Source:

IAiE PAN, call no. P 357 ; IAiE PAN, call no. P 358 ; IAiE PAN, call no. P 356 ; click here to follow the link

Language:

eng

Rights:

Creative Commons Attribution BY-SA 3.0 PL license

Terms of use:

Copyright-protected material. [CC BY-SA 3.0 PL] May be used within the scope specified in Creative Commons Attribution BY-SA 3.0 PL license, full text available at: ; -

Digitizing institution:

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Original in:

Library of the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Polish Academy of Sciences

This page uses 'cookies'. More information