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The investigation embraces several forest islands characteristics of the agricultural landscape of Masurian Lakeland – as well as their border zones. The investigated islands differ in their size and origin. Part of them represents the remnants of pine plantations that – in the course of their 100-year-old development – became transformed into a mixed forest (Pino-Quercetum). The other part represents spontaneously developed birch and aspen woods – the transition stages of the succession from the fallow land to the mixed forest. We analysed the structure of the vegetation and the floristic composition of transition zones that develop between the investigated forest islands and the surrounding cultivated fields. We noted that the above characteristics depend on the type of the island's vegetation and that of the cultivated field; on the size of the island and on the exposure of the island's border to various points of the compass.
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Projects co-financed by:
Operational Program Digital Poland, 2014-2020, Measure 2.3: Digital accessibility and usefulness of public sector information; funds from the European Regional Development Fund and national co-financing from the state budget.