Upper Vistula River: response of aquatic communities to pollution and impoundment. 1, Problem, outline of research and study area
Upper Vistula River: problem, outline of research and study area
Problem, outline of research and study area
Polish Academy of Sciences. Institute of Ecology
Polish Academy of Sciences. Institute of Ecology. Publishing Office
Pages 107-122 : illustrations ; 27 cm
Bibliographical references (pages 121-122)
The main disturbancies in hydrological and chemical features of the Upper Vistula River were discussed as well as geological structure and soils of its drainage basin. Examined section of the river is 337 km long. Catchment area of 28 000 km2 inhabited by 50 to 800 residents km-2 Three main problems concerning the river were considered: salinity, pollution and water management. Between 89 and 95 km the river obtaines salty water from coal mines and down the 95 km of the river - huge load of pollution by the Przemsza River. The inflow supplying 91% of Vistulian flow at this point. This unusual proportion is caused by far transfer of drinking water from submontainous part of the Vistula or its tributaries. Polluted water comes back to the river by Przemsza River. Vistula had here too much of suspension, phosphorus, nitrite and ammonia, and sometimes zinc. Water quality between 90 and 170 km was useless for cyprinid fishes according to EC directive. Vistula River and its aftluents flow through holocenic river terraces - covered with alluvial and fluvioglacial deposits. In the region of Cracow there are small areas of upper Jurassic origin (marls and lime) and from the Cretaceous period. Holocenic terrace of the river is covered by alluvial soils. On the left bank, between the Przemsza and Nida rivers, there are large areas of loesses. Investigations were carried out in the period between 3rd March 1997 and March 4th 1998. Also the present state of investigations of the Vistula River is discussed. In 1997 in the period from 7th to 15th of July extreme and disastrous flood in the Vistula occurred. Flows, which usually in Cracow (on 165 km) provide 50 to 100m3 s-1, grew up to 1430 m3 s-1 and during the culmination of wave up to 2400 m3 s-1.
Polish Journal of Ecology
MiIZ PAN, call no. P.2840
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Ekologia Polska (1953-2011)
Ekologia Polska, późn. tyt.: Polish Journal of Ecology (t. 1-51)
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Nr 1. The release of phosphorus and nitrogen by living and decomposing snails / Rybak J. I.
Nr 1. Nutrients and cations content in soil solutions from the present and abandoned penguin rookeries (Antarctica, King George Island) / Juchnowicz-Bierbasz M., Rakusa-Suszczewski S.
Nr 1. Content of colchicine in corms and edaphic conditions of Colchicum autumnale L. from Kaczawskie Mountains (Poland) / Mróz L.
Nr 1. Does the Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major select holes for roosting? / Mazgajski T. D.
Nr 2. Upper Vistula River: response of aquatic communities to pollution and impoundment. 1, Problem, outline of research and study area / Żurek R., Kasza H.
Nr 2. Upper Vistula River: response of aquatic communities to pollution and impoundment. 2, Chemical composition of water and sediment / Kasza H., Galas J.
Nr 2. Upper Vistula River: response of aquatic communities to pollution and impoundment. 8, Zooseston / Żurek R.
Nr 3. Post-drainage secondary succession of soil nematodes on fen peat meadows in Biebrza Wetlands, Poland / Wasilewska L.
Nr 3. The role of Lumbricus rubellus Hoffm. in determining biotic and abiotic properties of peat soils / Makulec G.
Nr 3. Autotrophic picoplankton (APP) in four lakes of different trophic status: composition, dynamics and relation to phytoplankton / Jasser I.
Nr 3. Seasonal changes in foliage biomass and age composition of live and falling needles in Scots pine saplings treated with sulphuric acid, urea, or lime / Tarabuła T.
Nr 3. Microfloral abundance and enzymatic activity of Lumbricus rubellus Hoffm. (Oligochaeta: Lumbricidae) casts in peat meadow soils / Makulec G., Chmielewski K.
Nr 3. Whale bones and macroalgae as source of nutrients and cations in the nearshore geoecosystem of Admiralty Bay (King George Island, Antarctica) / Rakusa-Suszczewski S., Nędzarek A.
Nr 4. Links between landscape, catchment basin, wetland, and lake: the Jorka river-lake system (Masurian Lakeland, Poland) as the study object / Hillbricht-Ilkowska A.
Nr 4. Landscape structure (patch pattern) of the Jorka river catchment (Masurian Lakeland, Poland): analysis of air photos / Rybak J.
Nr 4. Seasonal and long-term export rates of nutrients with surface runoff in the river Jorka catchment basin (Masurian Lakeland, Poland) / Rybak J.
Nr 4. Nutrient loading and retention in lakes of the Jorka river system (Masurian Lakeland, Poland): seasonal and long-term variation / Hillbricht-Ilkowska A.
Nr 4. Eutrophication rate of lakes in the Jorka river system (Masurian Lakeland, Poland): long-term changes and trophic correlations / Hillbricht-Ilkowska A.
Nr 4. Diversity, disturbance and spatial structure of wetland vegetation along a lake shore: Jorka River-Lake system (Masurian Lakeland, Poland) / Kloss M., Wilpiszewska I.
Nr 4. Wetland patches (potholes) in a mosaic landscape (Masurian Lakeland, Poland): floristic diversity and disturbance / Wilpiszewska I., Kloss M.
Nr 4. River-lake system in a mosaic landscape; main results and some implications for theory and practice from studies on the river Jorka system (Masurian Lakeland, Poland) / Hillbricht-Ilkowska A.
T. 51 (2003)
Ekologia Polska, późn. tyt.: Wiadomości Ekologiczne (t. 1-57)